WHAT IS ORGANIC FARMING ?
ORGANIC FARMING promotes the sustainable health and productivity of the ecosystem – soil, plants, animals and people. Organic foods are farmed in an environmentally sustainable and socially responsible way, focusing on soil regeneration, water conservation and animal welfare.
What it’s not…
Most people think of organic farming in terms of what is NOT allowed:
But the fact is, simply removing agri-chemicals is not enough to turn a conventional farm into an organic farm. Organic farming is an active, labour-intensive process.
ORGANIC FARMERS are also careful about how they store and compost animal wastes, in order to safeguard air and water systems. They tailor their crops according to climate and soil, to optimise the natural growth cycle. Organic farmers also promote biodiversity, by growing a variety of crops, rather than one single crop. Through all of these methods, organic farmers prevent soil erosion, conserve energy, and help protect local wildlife, stream banks and watersheds. They help protect the global environment, as well: organic farming can greatly reduce the amount of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, that contribute to global warming. Click here to read a global report on The Role of Organic Agriculture in Mitigating Climate Change. Organic farming helps prevent topsoil erosion, improves soil fertility, protects groundwater and conserves energy.
The History of Organic Farming
But as industrial-scaled, chemically-dependent farming grew, so did its critics. In fact, as early as 1920, critics of large-scale industrial farming emerged in England, and later in the US and Japan. The term “organic” began to be used more widely in the US in the 1950s by the founder of Rodale Press, J.I. Rodale. In Canada, the Canadian Organic Soil Association (later re-named the Land Fellowship) was formed in 1953, by filmmaker and popular educator Christopher Chapman. He produced two influential Canadian documentaries, Understanding the Living Soil and A Sense of Humus.
The popularity of organic farming principles surged in the late 1960s and 1970s, particularly with the 1962 release of scientist Rachel Carson’s ground-breaking book, Silent Spring, in the US. Soon afterward, the US government banned the use of DDT. Organic principles gained renewed focus within the alternative lifestyles movement, as people sought to reconnect with the land, and promote a more harmonious relationship to nature. Several more organic organizations formed around the world, including in several regions of Canada. By 1972, the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), was established.
The late 1970s and 80s saw the formalization of relationships among organics farmers in countries such as England, France and the US. By the 1990s strong consumer demand for organic produce created the necessary impetus to establish standards for certifying organic foods.
WHAT DOES "ORGANIC"
WHAT DOES "ORGANIC" MEAN ?
Growing food isn't easy. Farmers have to solve some big problems to make sure their plants can grow and thrive. They have to make sure the soil has enough nutrients to "feed" little plants so they will grow to be big, healthy, and good to eat. They have to control bugs and other pests that can attack and eat the plants. And they have to control weeds that can "choke" young plants by taking the space, sunlight, and nutrients they need to grow.
Most farmers in the United States are what we call "conventional farmers." They rely on synthetic (man-made) chemicals and fertilizers to grow their crops. These farming chemicals and fertilizers are not found in nature, and they often build up in the environment, polluting our water and soil. Most of these chemicals remain active for a very long time — long after their job is done. Although these chemicals can solve many farming problems, some of them are not healthy for the environment or for people!
Sometimes we do use some insecticides (insect killers) or fungicides (fungus killers), but only specific ones that are approved for organic farming. And we use them less often than conventional farmers use chemicals on their crops. Substances approved for organic farming are made from naturally-occurring ingredients and are less harmful to people, animals, and the environment. It takes a little more effort to grow food organically, but it's a good way to grow healthy, strong plants.
To enrich the soil, organic farmers plant cover crops, such as bell beans and hairy vetch, that make the soil richer as they grow and when they are tilled under. We also use compost, a natural form of fertilizer that comes from different materials that have rotted away and broken down. We keep pests and diseases away by rotating our crops, which means switching the location of plants each season. We also use natural insect repellents, and we bring in good bugs ("beneficials") that like to eat bad bugs ("pests"). We do most of our weeding with tractors, and also by hand with tools like hoes.
WHY ORGANIC ?
out how delicious organics can be!
Conventional farmers use millions of pounds of pesticides each year, much of which ends up in our drinking water and oceans. Pesticides and chemicals kill off living things - bugs and animals that may eat the food as well as parasites and microorganisms. Pesticides deplete the soil so more chemicals are needed to fertilize and so the cycle continues. Pesticides are poisons. Most have the potential of causing cancer and are endocrine disrupters that mimic or interfere with our hormones. Pesticides cannot always be washed off the food, even with soap, as they are "ingested" in the plant through the roots and are actually in the body of the food.
In short, pesticides cause disease and death. That's their goal, to kill off the bugs and pests. But they are having serious impacts on the lives of humans and especially children. This is particularly important in the amounts and combinations of these pesticides that the children are eating since they are such picky eaters. The long-term effect of these pesticides, herbicides, fungicides and chemicals and the effect of the 'cocktail' of pesticide combinations effect fertility, development, health, and longevity.
Chemicals and pesticides kill off microorganisms and pests; this is causing new super resistant bugs and strains of insects and pests to be created; these super pests will need even more powerful chemical pesticides. The cycle is clear and the future is dim.
In addition, many of these microorganisms are helpful and are actually healthful. Discoveries of helpful bacteria that turn into cures for disease are found in dirt regularly around the world. We used to play in the dirt, dirt that was free of harmful chemicals and loaded with helpful microorganisms. As children this set up our immune systems to be strong. Children were healthier then.
Healthy plants are also more disease resistant, are more drought resistant, create a better supply of food, create more nutritious food, and grow strong without chemical assistance. It all works together. Organic farming protects our water supply, our wild life, our families, and our future. Choosing organic foods is like voting to go back to a more natural and safer way of breathing, eating, and living.
Conventional farming overseas destroys rainforest. Forests are plowed to make way for planting, soil is eroded, chemicals and poisons enter our water systems. This affects habitats and wildlife. The impact is immense.
Conventional farming uses more fossil fuels and impacts global warming in many ways. Fossil fuels are used to create pesticides and chemicals. They are used to transport them to the farm. Micro-organisms that would otherwise hold carbon are killed releasing carbons into the atmosphere. Once the soil is depleted of micro-organisms, the soil must be enriched with chemical fertilizers which again take fossil fuels in creation and transportation. Conventional farms are more automated and use more fossil fuels generally. They have an over-abundance of manure since they are not using that so that is another issue which must be removed with fossil fuels. Organic farming uses up to 60% less fossil fuel per unit of food.
Chemicals are abundant and dangerous. The environmental impact is great and they remain in the environment for decades after use. When we look and see that organic foods are sometimes more than conventional foods, we need to remember the toll conventional foods are having on our world and our future. Organic foods are actually less costly when we look at the money it takes to fix the problems created by conventional farming. And yes, EVERY choice, EVERY person, EVERY item counts as a vote in the right direction.
Biodynamic Demeter supervised farming meets all organic standards and takes them even further. This system was created in ancient times to create healthful soil to withstand the test of time. Biodynamic farming takes even more time and money and therefore things cost more, but what it gives us is a true harmony with our land. It works with the plants, animals, and the environment to promote healthy soil and healthy plants.
certification confirms a set of standards:
organic dairy pasteurization must meet hygienic standards. dairy cows may not be sold for slaughter as beef. beef is processed in a certified plant where organic cows are separated from conventional ones and the entire processing line must be cleaned to organic specifications for the organic ones no more than 5% of the ingredients (excluding water and salt) are conventional; or at least 95% of the product is organic as per the standards of certification organic products cannot use some organic and some conventional of the same ingredient. How to tell if it's organic in the store? Organic tags (PLU code sticker) on fruits and vegetables start with a 9 and have 5 numbers for organic fruits and vegetables while conventional ones have 4 numbers. GMO crops also have 5 numbers but start with the number 8 so be particularly cautious of those fruits and vegetables.
However, the term "organic" also makes us feel warm and fuzzy with images of happy cows in grazing fields cared for by people who love the land and are paid a fair wage. Now that the big companies see that their bottom line can be affected by organics, short cuts are being taken that technically meet the organic standard but do not comply with our understanding of organic.
Our next question is of local versus organic. Sometimes local is better, however, remember that fossil fuels are also used in pesticides, herbicides, and the trucks needed to work a conventional farm, so local is not always a safer choice for our environment when organic is an option. Local from a farmer you know that isn't certified organic but practices organic standards of course is a better option than organic certified coming in from outside your area, but when you don't know the farmer or the standards, organic, even with transportation, can actually be a healthier option for ourselves and our environment.
We live in a highly mobile world. We can have asparagus in the winter. That can be fun, but it can also be distressing. While the United States produces many raw materials, these are almost always shipped off to China to create product, and then that product is shipped back here to be sold. Sadly, we are no longer self-sufficient. Many communities where we've chosen to live cannot feed us locally nor provide for our needs locally. Happily, we do have options. Choose products that are best for health and environment. Read labels and choose U.S. made products first, this includes food and nonfood items. That will lessen carbon emissions and conforms to our feeling on the definition of organic. Choose locally made first and then as close to home as possible. Choose natural nonfood products over plastic and man-made materials since fossil fuels are needed to create plastics. Choose organic cotton over nonorganic since that crop uses huge amounts of pesticides. Choose products with less packaging for the same reason, this includes food packaging as well as packaging for toys and other nonfood items.
When it comes to food, know who runs the farm, whether a small caring company or a large corporate office. The organic standard is a good guide, but it's not enough. Organic standards in some countries, China, for example, are suspected of erratic regulating. Big companies will do their best to cut corners to improve their bottom line. We must, as consumers, let them hear us with our dollars. Research big companies, their ethics and business, support stores and companies that are in line with your values as a consumer, for the earth and for your personal health.
Choose farmers you know that meet standards you support over the organic label. Choose grassfed beef over grain fed organic beef. Choose less processed foods over packaged and highly processed foods since those are better for our health and those use less fuels in creation and transportation. Local conventional farms cause havoc on our environment and stress on the animals. Many times, organic is the best option over local nonorganic food. Understand what you eat. [Articles & Resources : http://www.deliciousorganics.com]
WHY DO YOU
GO ORGANIC ?
WHY DO YOU GO ORGANIC ?
Quality - quality of food, quality of life, quality of our future and our children's future. Organic is just the right thing to do and the right choice to make. Better for our health, tastes better, better for farmers (supports eco-farming), better for our water supply, better for our children, our children's health, and their future. The more I learn, the more I'm sure that organic is the only choice.
Choosing organic safeguards our own health and enhances the ecology of the land. By purchasing organically grown foods, we support more than a line of safer food products. We also work to create a just and sustainable food system for ourselves and for future generations. [Articles & Resources : http://www.deliciousorganics.com]
WHEN YOU BUY ORGANIC, YOU :
1. Protect your family’s
& Resources :http://www.checnet.org]
ORGANIC QUICK FACTS
CHILDREN MORE VULNERABLE TO PESTICIDES ?
HOW DOES ORGANIC FARMING SAVE MONEY AND THE ENVIRONMENT ?
WHAT ARE THE LINKS BETWEEN PESTICIDES AND DIETARY FATS ?
ARE KIDS EXPOSED TO PESTICIDES ?
The study found that metabolite concentrations indicating organophosphorus (OP) pesticide exposure were approximately six times higher for children with conventional diets than for children with organic diets.
Diet, not environmental exposure, appears to have been the primary pathway for OP pesticide exposure for the children in this study. Results suggest that consumption of organic fruits, vegetables, and juices can reduce children's exposure levels from above to below the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's current guidelines, thereby shifting exposures from a range of uncertain risk to a range of negligible risk.
Source: "Organophosphorus pesticide exposure of urban and suburban pre-school children with organic and conventional diets" Cynthia L. Curl, Richard A. Fenske, and Kai Elgethun, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
CAN PESTICIDE EXPOSURE OCCUR BEFORE BIRTH ?
Sources: Nuriminen, T., "Maternal Pesticide Exposure and Pregnancy Outcome," J Occup Environ Med 37:8, 935-940 (1995). Jensen, A.A. "Transfer of Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk." In: Jensen, A.A. and Slorach SA (eds). Chemical Contaminants in Human Milk. Boca Raton: CRC Press, pp: 9-19 (1991). Office of Technology Assessment, (OTA) of the US Congress, Neurotoxicity: Identifying and Controlling Poisons of the Nervous System (1990).
DO PESTICIDES DAMAGE THE OZONE LAYER ?
"Stratospheric Ozone Depletion," United Nations Environment
Program Report (1991).
ARE SOME OF THE TRUE COSTS OF CONVENTIONAL AGRICULTURE ?
These are what economists call "externalities"—the costs of an activity that are borne by others. The bad thing about externalities is that they lead to market outcomes that are costly to society, even though the products themselves are privately profitable.
Cornell University professor David Pimental has estimated that the externalities of conventionally grown food cost more than $10 billion a year. This includes:
Source: "The Ecology of Pizza (or Why Organic Food is a Bargain)," prepared for the Organic Trade Association by ecologist Sandra Steingraber, September 2003.
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE
Organic agriculture dramatically reduces external inputs by refraining from the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, genetically modified organisms and pharmaceuticals. Pests and diseases are controlled with naturally occurring means and substances according to both traditional as well as modern scientific knowledge, increasing both agricultural yields and disease resistance. Organic agriculture adheres to globally accepted principles, which are implemented within local socio-economic, climatic and cultural settings. As a logical consequence, IFOAM stresses and supports the development of self-supporting systems on local and regional levels.
Agricultural contaminants such as inorganic fertilizers, herbicides and insecticides from conventional agriculture are a major concern all over the world. Eutrophication, the suffocation of aquatic plants and animals due to rapid growth of algae, referred to as "algae blooms", are literally killing lakes, rivers and other bodies of water. Persistent herbicides and insecticides can extend beyond target weeds and insects when introduced into aquatic environments. These chemicals have accumulated up the food chain whereby top predators often consume toxic dosages. Organic agriculture restores the environmental balance and has none of these or other such deleterious effects on the environment.
information on the environmental benefits of organic agriculture, follow
the links on this page.
JAYALAKSANA ORGANIC RICE !
TO MALAYSIA [PORT KLANG] - USD $ 3.10/KG
OUR HEALTHY WHITE ORGANIC RICE WITH 5 KG OF BAG SIZE FOR ABOUT USD $ 8.00 IS ORIGINATED AND LOCATED FROM WEST JAVA PROVINCE SPECIALLY COMING FROM SUKABUMI, BANDUNG, TASIKMALAYA, CIANJUR AND BOGOR AREA WITH TOTAL 150 HA COLLECTIVELY AND CAN PRODUCE ALMOST 500 TONNAGE OF RICE.
AT THE MOMENT, WE ARE DEFINITELY LOOKING FOR BUYER, AGENT AND DISTRIBUTOR AROUND THE WORLD OR DOMESTIC WITHIN INDONESIA WHO WANT TO DISTRIBUTE OR BUY OUR HEALTHY WHITE ORGANIC RICE.
OUR PRODUCTS HAD ALWAYS BEEN SUPERVISED AND UDERCONTROLLED BY ALIKSA ORGANIC SRI CONSULTANT [AOSC], ONE OF THE INDONESIAN NGO COMPANY WHO CONCERNED ON SRI METHOD ON DEVELOPMENT OF ORGANIC PADDY AND RICE AND HAD BEEN TRAINED AND EDUCATED FARMERS IN 16 PROVINCE WITHIN INDONESIA SINCE 2000. ANY RESPONSES FOR ORDER ARE OBVIOUSLY MORE THAN WELCOME AND MAKE CONTACT US FREELY WITH ;
Contact Details :-
SRI ORGANIC RICE
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF SRI
SELF – SUFFICIENCY IN FOOD
Arifin Panigoro, Chairman of Medco Foundation, is looking forward to get government endorsement in order to enlarge the current civil society partnership model for SRI organic rice development throughout the country. The existing partnership model could improve farmer welfare and save the environment as consequences of SRI implementation.
in nation-wide scale, the partnership could become a feasible solution
for current rice production deficit that estimated at 2 million tones
per year. Such optimistic view derived from current SRI high productivity
yields that record 10 – 12 tones per hectare. Given the latest calculation,
Indonesia ‘only’ requires 400,000 hectares of SRI paddy fields
to become a self-sufficiency country in rice production.
WHY WE MUST
USE AN ORGANIC
THE REASON WHY WE MUST USE AN ORGANIC FERTILIZER TO OUR ORGANIC FARMING ?
THE BENEFITS USING ORGANIC FERTILIZER TO OUR ORGANIC FARMING
MAKES STRONG ENDORSEMENT
PRESIDENT OF INDONESIA MAKES STRONG ENDORSEMENT OF SRI
at an 'SRI Harvest Festival' in Cianjur district, West Java, on July 30,
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono made a strong statement of support
for the spread of SRI within Indonesia and even the world, citing concerns
about environmental quality and climate change as well as meeting the
food requirements of a still-growing population. (See translations of
Excerpts from the Organic SRI Harvest presided over by the Indonesian
President and a Bahasa Indonesia report of the event on the president's
website). The President was accompanied by the Minister of Agriculture
and the Minister of Irrigation, whose respective ministries are now cooperating
to extend knowledge of SRI to Indonesian farmers. The Ministry of Agriculture
is funding farmer training in 39 districts in 14 provinces on organic
SRI methods, both for the higher price that this rice can obtain in the
market and for the more benign impact on soil and water resources. An
interview with Shuichi Sato, team leader for the Japanese technical assistance
team supporting SRI extension in Eastern Indonesia, appeared just before
the event in the Jakarta Post.
NIPPON KOEI CONSULTANTS
is SRI ?
SRI is an innovative paddy cultivation method capable of attaining High paddy yields with lower resource utilization of such inputs as water, fertilizer and soils. SRI methods alter how farmers manage their plants, soil, water and nutrients in order to promote root growth and increase the abundance and diversity of soil organisms that enhance plant productivity. This reduces water use and production costs.
SRI is a methodology
for increasing the productivity of irrigated rice by altering conventional
methods and techniques for managing plants, soil, water and nutrients.
SRI practices contribute to both healthier soil by nurturing soil microbial
abundance and diversity, and plants that are supported by greater root
growth. SRI does not require the purchase of new seeds or the use of new
high-yielding varieties. Increased weeding is required, because paddy
fields are not kept continuously flooded. But farmers report that with
SRI methods, their rice plants are better able to resist damage from pests
and diseases, reducing the need for agrochemicals if not making them unnecessary.
Compost gives even better results than does fertilizer with SRI methods.
With SRI there can be water savings of around 30-50%. SRI does require
skillful management of the factors of production and, at least initially,
additional labor input between 25% and 50%, particularly for careful transplanting
and for weeding. Since yield increases average 50-100%, and may reach
three times of present levels, returns to labor are very high since purchased
inputs are not needed and the profitability of rice production is increased
substantially. As farmers gain skills and confidence in SRI methods, labor
inputs decrease to levels similar to its not lower than conventional rice-growing
CONCEPTS OF SRI
by Sukamandi Rice Center
Java by SRI Experts
Indonesia by DISIMP
Lessons Learned on SRI in DISIMP
Penghasilan Lebih Baik Bagi Petani"
Panen bersama itu juga dihadiri Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Menteri Sosial Bachtiar Chamsyah, Menteri Riset dan Teknologi Kusmayanto Kadiman, Menteri Pekerjaan Umum Joko Kirmanto, Menteri Usaha Kecil Menengah Suryadharma Ali, dan Direktur Utama Perum Bulog Mustafa Abubakar.
Anton mengharapkan, harga premium yang bisa diberikan untuk beras organik dipatok pada Rp 10.000,00/kilogram atau jauh lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan harga kualitas medium yang mencapai Rp 4.600,00 - 5.000,00 per kg. " Swalayan sudah banyak yang menawarkan menjual beras organik," katanya.
Menurut Anton, dengan harga beras organik yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan beras anorganik diharapkan mampu memberikan tingkat penghasilan yang lebih baik bagi para petani. Sehingga, minat petani dalam mengembangkan jenis tanaman padi itu dapat lebih tinggi. Apalagi, selama ini telah beredar anggapan yang menyatakan bahwa masyarakat akan memperoleh beras yang lebih sehat jika mengonsumsi beras organik. Bahkan, Mentan mengimbau produksi beras organik yang salah satunya dihasilkan menggunakan metode SRI dapat diupayakan untuk tujuan ekspor.
Untuk itu, Departemen Pertanian (Deptan) saat ini terus berusaha mencari sejumlah eksportir yang mau memberikan harga beras organik lebih tinggi. "Kalau itu bisa dilakukan, beras organik ini bisa berkembang," katanya.
Untuk mendukung peningkatan harga beras premium, Anton mengungkapkan Deptan akan menyusun sebuah standar sertifikasi untuk produk-produk pertanian dari bahan-bahan organik dan anorganik. "Sertifikat sebenarnya sudah dimulai dan bukan hanya terbatas pada organik dan anorganik. Namun terus terang, semua itu belum bisa secara luas diberikan karena jumlah petani di Indonesia sangat besar," kata Anton. Ia menambahkan, Deptan juga akan memberikan fasilitas kepada perusahaan atau lembaga-lembaga yang akan meminta sertifikat dari produk beras yang diklaim berasal dari padi organik.
Dari sisi ketersediaan air, misalnya, Presiden menjelaskan padi SRI organik terbukti hemat air. "Metode ini telah menjadi solusi dari bercocok tanam yang hemat air dengan produktivitas tetap berlimpah," sambung Presiden. Lebih dari itu padi SRI organik tidak memerlukan pupuk nonorganik sehingga dapat membantu ikhtiar kita untuk menghemat gas yang selama ini diperlukan untuk pembuatan pupuk.
Juga penting untuk dicatat bahwa metode penanaman SRI ini dapat membuka solusi untuk mengatasi problem sampah di kota karena bahan organik dari sampah dapat digunakan sebagai kompos yang bermanfaat untuk budi daya padi SRI organik. "Mari kita kembangkan padi SRI organik seluas-luasnya," kata Presiden.
Pendiri Medco Foundation, Arifin Panigoro, dalam kesempatan yang sama mengutarakan rencananya untuk mengembangkan 10.000 ha lahan padi SRI organik di Indonesia. "Kegiatan ini merupakan komitmen kami terhadap pengembangan alternatif solusi swasembada pangan sekaligus meningkatkan kesejahteraan petani," kata Arifin.
Optimisme Arifin antara lain berangkat dari tingkat produktivitas padi SRI organik yang mencapai kisaran 10 - 12 ton per hektare. Berangkat dari kalkulasi itu, Arifin memperkirakan dibutuhkan hingga 400 ribu hektare lahan padi SRI organik untuk menutupi defisit produksi beras nasional yang mencapai 2 juta ton per tahunnya. "Perlu kerja keras dan kerja sama antarmasyarakat madani (civil society) dengan dukungan pemerintah agar cita-cita membangun 400 ribu hektare lahan padi SRI organik tersebut dapat terwujud," kata Arifin.
Sebagai tindak lanjut, Arifin menggandeng BRI, Bank Agro, dan Bank Saudara untuk terlibat dalam tahap pertama berupa projek pengembangan 10.000 ha lahan padi SRI organik. Besaran dana yang diperlukan mencapai Rp 100 miliar. "Di antaranya untuk melatih para petani agar paham bercocok tanam metode SRI organik hingga akses ke pasar," sambungnya.
Panen di Desa
Bobojong merupakan tahap awal dari lahan percontohan penanaman padi ramah
lingkungan oleh Medco Foundation. Untuk melaksanakan kegiatan ini Medco
Foundation bekerja sama dengan Dewan Pemerhati Kehutanan dan Lingkungan
Tatar Sunda (DPKLTS) pimpinan sesepuh Jawa Barat, Solihin G.P., dan Yayasan
Aliksa Organik SRI. (A-80)***
BACK TO NATURE
SAVE THE FUTURE !